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Bullying is defined as "wilful, repeated aggressive behaviour with negative intent used by a child to maintain power over another child." The result is "a victimized child caught in an abusive relationship."

There are many forms of bullying:

  • Unequal power - One child has more power than another child (or it seems this way to the children involved)
  • Hurtful actions - Physically or psychologically harmful behaviour takes place (such as name-calling, insults, threats, kicking, hitting, punching, etc)
  • Direct or indirect actions - The abusive behaviour may be face-to-face or done behind a child's back (such as teasing, exclusion, gossiping and spreading rumours)
  • Repetitive behaviour - The hurtful actions keep happening, so the child being affected finds it increasingly difficult to escape.

There are four types of bullying: physical, social, verbal and cyberbullying. Cyberbullying is done by means of communication technologies (email, social network, text messaging) to bully, hurt or humiliate others.

Source: Gouvernement du Canada